Patterns of Cephalic and Facial Indices in Three Ethnic Groups in Rural Population of Banke District of Nepal

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Prasad Ram Jiban
Singh Manish Kumar
Das Rajesh
Bajracharya Mangesh
Gupta Anil Kumar


Background: Anthropometry, used in physical anthropometry refers to the measurement of the human individual for the purposes of understanding human variation. Anthropometry techniques aid in identification of body remains, plastic surgery,
and archeology and in differentiation between people of different race and sex.
Methods: The study was conducted in rural population of age groups 18 years and above in Banke district of Nepal. This study was conducted in normal healthy pure ethnic racial population of sample size 300 (150 male and 150 female). The measurements were taken using sliding and spreading calipers with standard anatomical landmarks.
Results: The MHB, MEIL, MFL and PI were higher in Magar males than Magar females; :MFB and CI were higher in Magar females than Magar males. The CI of Magar males and Magar females was 71.22±4.00 (Dolichocephalic) and 73.11 ±11.21 (Dolichocephalic) respectively. The PI of Magar males and Magar females was 110.76 ±13.15 (Hyperleptoprosopic) and 82.92±5.18
(Euryprosopic) respectively.
Conclusion: The human body dimensions are influenced by ecological, biological, geogra-phical, racial, gender and age-related factors. Therefore, there is still a need for further studies to know the scientific reasons behind variations in measurements among different ethnic groups in the country.

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