Superficialization of the Basilic Vein in Brachiobasilic Arteriovenous Fistula: An Alternative Vascular Access for Hemodialysis- A Single Center Experience

Main Article Content

Kush Bahadur Rana
Afroz Ansari
Dharmendra Joshi
Apurwa Shrestha
Madhav Ghimire


Introduction: The use of basilic vein to create brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistula (BBAVF) is the vascular access option of choice for hemodialysis when cephalic veins are not available. To create BBAVF, the basilic vein should be superficialized and lateralized. The study aims to highlight the outcome and morbidity of BBAVF at the tertiary referral center and aims to improve the results of the procedure in patients with chronic renal failure.
Materials and Methods: This is prospective, descriptive study conducted at College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital from January 2019 to December 2022.The demographic data, morbidities, results were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23.0 (SPSS).
Results: We evaluated outcome of total forty patients who underwent BBAVF with transposition of basilic vein. The mean age of patients was 61 ± 10.85 years and male:female ratio Was 2.07:1. The mean size of basilic vein was 3.05 ± 0.84mm and brachial artery was 4.11 ± 0.99mm. The most common co-morbidities in this study was Diabetes Mellitus and hypertension both was present in 52.5% of patients, only hypertension in 27.5%, only Diabetes Mellitus in 5%, HTN with PVD in 2.5% and HTN, Diabetes Mellitus with PVD in 2.5% of patients. The postoperative complications were bleeding in 25% (10), infection 10% (4), primary failure 7.5% (3), pseudoaneurysm 5% (2), and oedema 7.5% (3).Total 82.5% (33) of cases were able to start dialysis in 45 days. The failure rate was 12.5% (5) due to thrombosis and pseudoaneurysm.
Conclusion: BBAVF is a suitable option for vascular access in patients with failed previous AVF or patients with small cephalic vein. Relocation of basilic vein for AVF is feasible, safe and with good patency and complication rates are acceptable.

Article Details

Research Articles